3 Poetry Books for English Language Learners

*This is an updated re-post in honor of the Septebmer 2020 launch of the English Learning Book Club (on Instagram)!

As a teacher, I struggled to find collections of poetry I could bring in for ESL, ELL, TEFL learners. I wanted rich language and meaningful issues to discuss. [Abridged texts or “See Spot Run” seemed to lack both]. But I also needed poems that were accessible for English learners — in vocabulary and length in particular.*

Here are three contemporary poetry collections — in current language, not Shakespeare’s, as much as I love him! I think you’ll enjoy these, whether you’re a teacher looking for classroom materials or a student wanting to read something that moves you.


Within US: Purchase on Bookshop / Or find on Amazon.

Langston Hughes (1902-1967). I highly recommend this particular collection of Hughes’s work; it contains all of his poems I would want to read or teach. Hughes constructs vivid images and writes with distinctive rhythm and sound (some of his work is influenced by jazz). Not only do these qualities of language make Hughes’s work ideal for learners, but his work also sparks valuable conversations about history and the African American experience. Recommended for upper middle school through adults.

Read more and see a free example lesson of “Harlem.” More Hughes lessons to come!

Within US: Purchase on Bookshop / Or find on Amazon.

Naomi Shihab Nye (1952- ). Words Under the Words is a packed collection of most of my favorites of Nye’s poems, but she has many other books that would be ideal for students, including one specifically for young girls. Born to a Palestinian father and American mother, Nye addresses her heritage and her travels in the world, which would appeal to cross-cultural readers of English. But more than that, Nye explores big issues of humanity–kindness, grief, childhood–through relatable images and language, which makes these concepts tangible and can spark meaningful conversations. Recommended for upper middle school through adults.

Read a poem from this book and see a free lesson on “Making a Fist.”

Within US: Purchase on Bookshop / Or find on Amazon.

Claudia Rankine (1963- ). Citizen: An American Lyric is a beautiful and complex work of prose poetry and essays that explores structural, hard-to-detect racism and prejudice in the United States today. Told in many short scenes, the poems use “you” to put readers in the place of those experiencing everyday encounters of racism, encouraging connection and empathy. These pieces and their focused, short episodes could be touchstones for TEFL and ESL readers learning about current American cultural and social issues. Recommended for upper high school through adults.

Check back soon to see an excerpt from Citizen and lesson ideas.


*EnglishLearnerLiterature is my solution to the challenge I and other teachers and students have in finding quality, accessible literature for English learners. It’s, first, a collection of useable ELL or TEFL poetry, short stories, and nonfiction. I’ve also developed free teacher resources and student lessons that go step-by-step through the literature.

*NEW: I’m now offering online tutoring (especially on reading and writing poetry and stories!) and teacher coaching. Coming in September: English Learning Book Club!


*ELLiterature is a Bookshop (which supports independent bookstores within the US!) and Amazon Affiliate and receives a small percentage of your purchase using the above icons or links. Your support helps sustain the work of providing resources to English learners and teachers!